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23-Dec-2019 20:49

Opponents of the Electoral College argue that it can result in a person becoming president even though an opponent got more popular votes (which occurred in two of the five presidential elections from 2000 to 2016); that it causes candidates to focus their campaigning disproportionately in a few "swing states" while ignoring most areas of the country; and that its allocation of Electoral College votes gives citizens in less populated states (e.g.Wyoming) as much as four times the voting power as those in more populous states (e.g. Delegates from a majority of states agreed to this mode of election.At the compromise providing for a runoff among the top five candidates, the small states supposed that the House of Representatives with each state delegation casting one vote would decide most elections.In The Federalist Papers, James Madison explained his views on the selection of the president and the Constitution. 39, Madison argued the Constitution was designed to be a mixture of state-based and population-based government.Another consideration was the decision would be made without "tumult and disorder" as it would be a broad-based one made simultaneously in various locales where the decision-makers could deliberate reasonably, not in one place where decision-makers could be threatened or intimidated.If the Electoral College did not achieve a decisive majority, then the House of Representatives was to choose the president from among the top five candidates, ensuring selection of a presiding officer administering the laws would have both ability and good character.Some delegates, including James Wilson and James Madison, preferred popular election of the executive.

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Each state's number of electors is equal to the combined total of the state's membership in the Senate and House of Representatives; currently there are 100 senators and 435 representatives.The right of suffrage was much more diffusive in the Northern than the Southern States; and the latter could have no influence in the election on the score of Negroes.The substitution of electors obviated this difficulty and seemed on the whole to be liable to the fewest objections.Hamilton explained the election was to take place among all the states, so no corruption in any state could taint "the great body of the people" in their selection.The choice was to be made by a majority of the Electoral College, as majority rule is critical to the principles of republican government.

Each state's number of electors is equal to the combined total of the state's membership in the Senate and House of Representatives; currently there are 100 senators and 435 representatives.

The right of suffrage was much more diffusive in the Northern than the Southern States; and the latter could have no influence in the election on the score of Negroes.

The substitution of electors obviated this difficulty and seemed on the whole to be liable to the fewest objections.

Hamilton explained the election was to take place among all the states, so no corruption in any state could taint "the great body of the people" in their selection.

The choice was to be made by a majority of the Electoral College, as majority rule is critical to the principles of republican government.

The electors come directly from the people and them alone for that purpose only, and for that time only.